Far beyond Ukraine, the names of artists from the Korosten porcelain factory Tregubova V. are known.

Far beyond Ukraine, the names of artists from the Korosten porcelain factory Tregubova V. are known.

Although market reforms are under way in these countries, most of them are in crisis.

4. Developing countries – 128 countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and Oceania; occupy 50% of the earth’s land, where 52% of the world’s population lives; their share in world GDP is 20%. Historical and geographical features of development, as well as common socio-economic problems (diversity, agricultural and raw materials of the economy, etc.), which they have to solve, unite them in a separate group. The development of these countries was affected by the colonial past.

There are many subtypes of such countries. The main ones are: countries with a relatively mature economic structure (India, Indonesia, Morocco, Egypt, etc.); high-profit oil exporters (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Iraq, Iran, etc.); the least developed countries, characterized by extremely weak development of productive forces in agriculture, are dominated by monocultures, industry is absent.

5. Countries with centralized economic management remain the People’s Republic of China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Vietnam, Laos, and Cuba. They occupy 7.8% of the earth’s land, where 25% of the world’s population lives, their share in world GDP is 2.5%.

Although market relations are increasingly penetrating the economies of these countries, they retain command-and-control methods of management and, for the most part, a low level of socio-economic https://123helpme.me/narrative-essay-topics/ development.

A typical plan of comparative economic and geographical characteristics of the two states

A typical plan includes analysis and comparison of states by the following parameters:

geographical location, natural conditions and resources, population and labor resources, specialization of industry, specialization of agriculture, transport and international relations, regional differences, the main problems of development.

Geographical location is the location of a state in relation to the Earth’s surface, as well as in relation to other states with which it interacts. Geographical location gives an idea of ​​natural and socio-economic conditions and their features in different parts of the country.

Comparison of countries by natural conditions and resources involves comparing their territories, mineral resources, water, land and climate resources.

Population and labor resources are assessed by demographic indicators (birth rate, mortality, life expectancy, population growth, sex and age composition, mechanical movement); national and religious composition, social, educational and professional structure, quality of labor.

The specialization of industry and agriculture is compared, considering the sectoral and territorial structures.

Comparisons of transport systems are made on the basis of studying their structure (railway, automobile, water, air, pipeline, draft), transport network, transport security.

International relations between the two countries are compared on the basis of analysis of exports and imports, economic, scientific and technical, trade, cultural and other relations.

The main problems of state development are determined on the basis of studying the stage of economic development (agrarian, industrial, post-industrial), resource security, the state of demographic problems, the level of economic and social development.


Zhytomyr region: prominent cities and villages. Abstract

Korosten is the center of the Drevlya tribe. Berdychiv and Verkhivnya. Novograd-Volynsky. Ovruch. Romanivka is the birthplace of MT Rylsky

Korosten is the center of the Drevlya tribe

Few preserved ancient cities dating back thousands of years. Only in a few cases in ancient cities life did not fade and they have survived to our time. Such ancient cities include modern Korosten. Its history dates back to antiquity. According to the chronicle, as early as the beginning of the 5th century Iskorosten was a powerful fortress, the capital of the Slavic tribe of Drevlians.

In Korosten, its ancient fortifications – settlements – have been preserved. They are remarkable monuments left over from the ancient chronicle of Korosten and deserve a lot of attention.

Korosten settlements spread on the high rocky banks of the river Uzh, forming a group consisting of four settlements. Three of them are on the right bank of the Uzh, and one – on the left.

Folklore says that the right bank of the river Uzh is the place of punishment and death of the first prince of Korosten Mala.

It is known from historical sources that the Grand Duke of Kyiv Igor entrusted the collection of tribute from Drevlyany and Ulychi to Voivode Swinelda, sometimes performing this function himself. Actually the last case was recorded by the chronicler. According to him, Igor, taking a tribute from the Drevlians, went to Kiev. It seemed to the prince that it was not enough, and he returned halfway to the Drevlians. Igor suffered a severe death in the land of Drevlya. The people of Drevlya and their prince Mal decided to destroy Igor. Not far from the walls of ancient Iskorosten, they captured a warrior prince, tied him with their feet to bent trees, the trees were let go and Igor’s body was torn in two.

Igor’s grave is located on the right bank of the Uzh River, 8 kilometers northeast of the city in the village of Nemyrivtsi.

The picture of the siege and destruction of the capital of Drevlya, as a consequence of the revenge of Princess Olga for her husband, appears from the pages of the chronicle. Olga could not take the city all summer and resorted to tricks: “Now you have neither honey nor fur,” it is said there. I will lay upon you a heavy tribute, as my husband did, and I beg of you a little. If you are exhausted because you are under siege, give me this little thing. “The Drevlians paid an unusual tribute. Olga’s warriors tied inflamed drones to the birds, and when they flew home, they set fire to their homes. Iskorosten burned to the ground.

There are many toponyms associated with Princess Olga. Thus, the name of the neighboring village of Iskorosten Shatryshcha derives from the fact that Princess Olga during the siege of the city set up a tent here with her army. Near Korosten there are many wonderful places for rest. Tourists and nature lovers come here. In one of these places, where Uzh rapidly carries its waters between the rocks, Princess Olga once loved to swim. This ledge of the rock is called “Olga’s Bath”: its shape really resembles a bath.

Princess Olga, returning from Constantinople, where she went after the adoption of Christianity, settled in Iskorosten. Here a high tower and the church of St. Helena were built for her (after her baptism Olga was called Elena), which was the first Christian church in the land of Drevlya. The princess lived on the left bank of the river Uzh, where she bathed, choosing a magical corner. (guardian)

Many wells are called Olzhina, from which she drank water. In the village of Klishchi there is Olzhina valley, where the princess stayed for rest, as well as in the village of Lyubovychi.

On the banks of the Uzh, according to legend, there is also “Mirror of Olga”, “Grotto of Olga” and, in addition – “Shoulders of Perun” “Saint”. All these are rare creations of nature, which are more than a billion three hundred million years old. They still stand as silent witnesses of gray antiquity. They must be protected.

A museum was opened in Korosten in 1988, which is a department of the Zhytomyr Museum of Local Lore, with a fund of 7,400 units of the main fund, which is constantly replenished. The museum cooperates with local ethnographers, all who are not indifferent to the historical and cultural heritage of the native land. Exhibitions of decorative-applied, artistic, ethnographic character are systematically held. There are literary and musical evenings: talented performers of the author’s song, local poets gather fans of poetry for literary evenings.

Korosten region has produced many talented figures of literature and art, whose names are known outside of Ukraine. These are famous poets: Yukhymovich VL, Honored Worker of Culture of Ukraine, Singaivsky MF, and Singaivsky PF – brothers, poets. The name of Skuratovsky VT, writer, ethnographer, journalist, laureate of the Ostrovsky Republican Prize, head of the ethnography department of the magazine “Folk Art and Ethnography”, editor of the magazine “Berehynia” who was born on the farm Velyky Lis, is widely known in Ukraine and abroad. …

Far beyond Ukraine, the names of artists from the Korosten porcelain factory VM Tregubova, Honored Artist of Ukraine and MS Tregubova, Honored Artist of Ukraine, whose works have gained European recognition, are known. The Korosten Porcelain Factory was honored by US President Bill Clinton and awarded the Bermingham Torch Award.

In the countries of near and far abroad are known accordion works of the famous composer and conductor Anatoliy Biloshitsky (1950-1994), whose name is the music school in Korosten, where he was born and studied. His works are included in the pedagogical repertoire of secondary and higher educational institutions, almost half of them are recorded in the fund of the Ukrainian Radio. His works have become very popular: they are heard in Ukraine, Russia, Germany, France, Yugoslavia and other countries.

Berdychiv and Verkhivnya

Berdychiv is a significant industrial and cultural center. Architectural monuments are reminiscent of different stages of the city’s history.

In the first half of the 16th century, the village of Berdychiv appeared on the right bank of the Gnilopyat River, near the border point between Lithuania and Ukraine. It is believed that the name of the city comes from one of the Turkic tribes – Berendei, who in the 11-12 centuries settled on the southern borders of Russia to protect the homeland from the attacks of the Polovtsians. The lands on which Berdychiv arose were given to the Polish magnates Tyszkiewicz by the Lithuanian prince Gedemin in the 14th century.

The Tyszkiewiczs owned considerable land on the rivers Teterew, Gnmłopyaty, Gujwy, and Rostavica and traded extensively, exporting bread and other raw materials to Bratslav, Krakow, Frankfurt, the Black Sea, and elsewhere. To hide trade goods and protect themselves from enslaved people, the Tyszkiewiczs built a strong castle-estate in Berdychiv.

Fedor Tyshkevych owned, in addition to Berdychiv, castles-estates in Slobodyshche, Makhnivka, Puliny and Kodny.

In the process of general Polonization and Catholicization of the Ukrainian nobility, at the end of the 16th century the Tyszkiewicz family adopted the Polish state supremacy and the Catholic faith. One of the Tyszkiewiczs – Janusz, voivode of Kyiv, in order of his loyalty to the interests of the Polish Catholic supremacy, as well as for business purposes, founded in 1627 a Catholic monastery of the Order of “Barefoot Carmelites”.

In 1630, Tyszkiewicz transferred his Berdychiv castle-estate with several nearby villages to the location of the monastery and to the foundation of the monastery farm and donated other estates and money foundations.

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